The first settlers brought vines to Brazil in 1535, but the good conditions for growing sugarcane and coffee limited viniculture. The first large vineyards were founded in the province Rio Grand du Sol at the end of the 19th century. The industry had its upswing in the 60's, when labels were introduced and foreign wine-companies invested. The wine experts that were sent here helped wine reach a small but rising importance. Agriculture's concentration still lies in sugarcane, oranges, and coffee.
More than half of the country's wine production is in the cooler mountain regions around the cities Garibaldi, Bento Goncalves and Caxias do Sul. The hot climate and acidic soils differentiate Brazil from other countries.
Isabella and Zinfandel, two American vines are very popular here. But also the Italian Moscato, Trebbiano Barbera and Cabernet Franc are cultivated. New vines such as the Italian Riesling, Sémillon, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot Noir are being grown as well.